So white as a background color, for example, will take on feminine attributes when paired with pink and script typefaces. The hue is used to add visual emphasis to other important parts of the design — color, text or images — and is frequently part of an overall visual aesthetic that is simply designed and minimalistic. Other colors or words that represent hues that are white or almost white include snow, milk, ivory, pearl, paper, corn silk, seashell, linen, cream and alabaster. Other almost white hues include a pinch of another color — typically black — to create a soft white with an undertone for reading on screens.
Some users and designers argue that pure white is harsh on the eye. In print projects, pure white is often the standard. Create contrast: Choose dark or bright colors that will speak to users against the white background. Black is a common choice for type on a white background dark grays as well because it is easy to see and read.
The same is true of images as well. Keep it simple: The essence of white is simplicity. For the most impact, opt for a simple or minimally-styled design scheme.
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Use simple images: Photos, graphics and illustrations should mirror the same feel as the overall design. Rather than complex images with a lot going on, keep them simple as well. Focus on typography: Beautiful type is of the upmost importance in a design outline where everything is simple. This also makes type more of a foal point in the overall design. Pick one or two great fonts and use them well. This will go a long way to creating a visually stunning white-based website. In this course you will learn how to work with images on the modern web, so that your images look great and load quickly on any device.
Along the way, you will pick up a range of skills and techniques to smoothly integrate responsive images into your development workflow. By the end of the course, you will be developing with images that adapt and respond to different viewport sizes and usage scenarios. This is a free course offered through Udacity.
How to set background image of a webpage?
The img element is powerful—it downloads, decodes, and renders content—and modern browsers support a range of image formats. Including images that work across devices is no different than for desktop, and only requires a few minor tweaks to create a good experience. Remember to use relative units when specifying widths for images to prevent them from accidentally overflowing the viewport. For example:.
Bootstrap background image - examples, tutorial & advanced usage - Material Design for Bootstrap
Be sure to provide meaningful descriptions via the alt attribute on img elements; these help make your site more accessible by giving context to screen readers and other assistive technologies. The srcset attribute enhances the behavior of the img element, making it easy to provide multiple image files for different device characteristics. Similar to the image-set CSS function native to CSS, srcset allows the browser to choose the best image depending on the characteristics of the device, for example using a 2x image on a 2x display, and potentially in the future, a 1x image on a 2x device when on a limited bandwidth network.
On browsers that don't support srcset , the browser simply uses the default image file specified by the src attribute. This is why it is important to always include a 1x image that can be displayed on any device, regardless of capabilities. While the conditions can include everything from pixel density to width and height, only pixel density is well-supported today.
To balance current behavior with future features, stick with simply providing the 2x image in the attribute. To change images based on device characteristics, also known as art direction, use the picture element. The picture element defines a declarative solution for providing multiple versions of an image based on different characteristics, like device size, device resolution, orientation, and more. Use the picture element when an image source exists in multiple densities, or when a responsive design dictates a somewhat different image on some types of screens.
Similar to the video element, multiple source elements can be included, making it possible to specify different image files depending on media queries or image format. Try it. In the above example, if the browser width is at least px then either head. If the browser is between px and px, then either head-small. This is especially true for images that span a proportional width of the browser and are fluid, depending on the size of the browser. Instead of supplying fixed image sizes and densities, you can specify the size of each supplied image by adding a width descriptor along with the size of the image element, allowing the browser to automatically calculate the effective pixel density and choose the best image to download.
For example, the table below shows which image the browser would choose:. For example, on a small screen, you might want the image to span the full width of the viewport, while on larger screens, it should only take a small proportion. The sizes attribute, in the above example, uses several media queries to specify the size of the image. Customers want to see what they're buying. On retail sites, users expect to be able to view high resolution closeups of products to get a better look at details, and study participants got frustrated if they weren't able to. A good example of tappable, expandable images is provided by the J.
Crew site. A disappearing overlay indicates that an image is tappable, providing a zoomed in image with fine detail visible.
This means that images won't even start downloading until after the pageload event fires. In addition, the browser will most likely download both the 1x and 2x images, resulting in increased page weight. There are two fundamentally different ways to create and store images—and this affects how you deploy images responsively. Raster images — such as photographs and other images, are represented as a grid of individual dots of color. Raster images might come from a camera or scanner, or be created with the HTML canvas element.
Vector images such as logos and line art are defined as a set of curves, lines, shapes, fill colors and gradients. Vector images can be created with programs like Adobe Illustrator or Inkscape, or handwritten in code using a vector format such as SVG. SVG makes it possible to include responsive vector graphics in a web page. The advantage of vector file formats over raster file formats is that the browser can render a vector image at any size.
Vector formats describe the geometry of the image—how it's constructed from lines, curves, and colors and so on. Raster formats, on the other hand, only have information about individual dots of color, so the browser has to guess how to fill in the blanks when scaling. SVG has great support on mobile and desktop, and optimization tools can significantly reduce SVG size. Data URIs provide a way to include a file, such as an image, inline by setting the src of an img element as a Base64 encoded string using the following format:.
Drag 'n' drop tool such as jpillora. Inline code for images can be verbose—especially Data URIs—so why would you want to use it? To reduce HTTP requests! As with all things responsive, you need to test what works best.
Use developer tools to measure download file size, the number of requests, and the total latency. Data URIs can sometimes be useful for raster images—for example, on a homepage that only has one or two photos that aren't used elsewhere. If you need to inline vector images, SVG is a much better option.
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The CSS background property is a powerful tool for adding complex images to elements, making it easy to add multiple images, and causing them to repeat, and more. When combined with media queries, the background property becomes even more powerful, enabling conditional image loading based on screen resolution, viewport size, and more.
Media queries not only affect the page layout; you can also use them to conditionally load images or to provide art direction depending on the viewport width. For example, in the sample below, on smaller screens only small. The image-set function in CSS enhances the behavior background property, making it easy to provide multiple image files for different device characteristics. JB Web Design says:. September 14, at pm.
Full Page Background Image
Ray says:. September 14, at am. September 13, at pm. Nicolas says:. Ken Adams says:. September 13, at am. Antonea Nabors says:.